Literaturrecherche Elektrotherapie und Ultraschall 2006

Legende zur Bewertung nach /erste Ziffer Evidenzgrade der Bewertung von Studien
Evidenz aufgrund von Metaanalysen von randomisierten, kontrollierten Studien Evidenz aufgrund mindestens einer randomisierten, kontrollierten Studie Evidenz aufgrund mindestens einer gut angelegten, kontrollierten Studie ohne Evidenz aufgrund mindestens einer anderen Art von gut angelegter, quasi- Evidenz aufgrund gut angelegter, nicht-experimenteller, deskriptiver Studien, wie z.B. Vergleichsstudien, Korrelationsstudien und Fallkontrollstudien Evidenz aufgrund von Berichten der Expertenausschüsse oder Expertenmeinungen und/oder klinischer Erfahrung anerkannter Autoritäten ad Bewertung nach/2. Ziffer) Hierarchien von Studien: Experimentelle Studien (z.B. Randomisierte kontrollierte Studie (RCT) mit versteckter
Quasi-experimentelle Studien (z.B. experimentelle Studie ohne Randomisierung ) Beobachtende Studien ohne Kontrollgruppe Experten Meinung auf Grund der Pathophysiologie, Einzelforschung oder Konsensus ad Bewertung nach dritter Buchstabe Evidenz der Wirksamkeit A : Evidenzstufe A (Strong evidence): Konstante Ergebnisse in zahlreichen, hochqualifizierten RCTs. B : Evidenzstufe B (Moderate evidence) : Konstante Ergebnisse in einer hochqualifizierten RCT und einem oder mehreren niedrig qualifizierten RCTs oder konstante Ergebnisse in zahlreichen niedrig qualifizierten RCTs. C : Evidenzstufe C (Limited bzw. contradictory evidence) : Wechselnde Ergebnisse in zahlreichen RCTs – level 4 studies or extrapolations from level 2 or 3 studies D : level 5 evidence or troublingly inconsistent or inconclusive studies of any level P=positive Aussage, d.h. Wirksamkeit gegeben N=negative Aussage, d.h. keine Wirksamkeit in der untersuchten Indikation I=inkonklusive Aussage, d.h Wirksamkeit unklar.
Ergebnisse :
a) Ergebnisse: bewertete Literatur: mittels EDV-unterstützter Literatursuche gefundene
Arbeiten und Bewertungen (s.o., Stand Mai 2006, siehe Ergebnisse Punkt 1, Arbeiten
bzw./Abstracts liegen in elektronischer bzw. Printversion bei):
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Yang D-J. Xu F-Y. Ma L. Gan J-H.
Ultrasonic wave in combination with quadriceps exercise for the treatment of senile knee
Zhongguo Linchuang Kangfu. Vol. 9(26)(pp 252-254), 2005. Date of Publication: 14 JUL 2005.
Yu D. Chae J.
Neuromuscular stimulation for treating shoulder dysfunction in hemiplegia.
Critical Reviews in Physical & Rehabilitation Medicine. Vol. 14(1)(pp 1-23), 2002.
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Patient Health History Questionnaire – CT Iodinated ContrastCreatinine & Date of Labs:__________________________________________________ Examination:______________________________________________________________Your physician has requested that you have an examination, which requires the injection of iodinated contrast material into your bloodstream. Immediately after the injection, many

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