Canberra Gosford Newcastle Sydney Wollongong
What is chlamydia? Chlamydia is the most common sexually transmitted infection in Australia. It is caused by a bacterium called “Chlamydia Trachomatis”. It is often undiagnosed but is easily treatable by taking a short course of antibiotics. If untreated, it can lead to more serious complications, e.g. Infertility, chronic pain, ectopic pregnancy, PID. What are the symptoms? Most people with Chlamydia do not have any symptoms and are unaware they have the infection. 40% of men have no symptoms and 70% of women have no symptoms. If symptoms are present, most often they are trivial. Some people may complain of burning when passing urine, a clear, white or yellow discharge from the penis, a vaginal discharge or some pain, noted especially during intercourse. Chlamydia may be easily detected by a simple urine test (males) or a vaginal swab test (women). These tests may be done on your own in privacy. How is it spread? Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection and can easily spread from one person to the other usually by vaginal, but also by anal or oral sex. If symptoms occur, they usually appear about 2 weeks after intercourse, although the incubation period may be as long as 3 months and as short as 5-10 days. In females, if untreated, Chlamydia may spread through the uterus to the fallopian tubes, causing salpingitis, a painful condition, which may result in infertility (not being able to have children) or ectopic pregnancy (where the pregnancy develops outside the uterus and may be potentially life threatening). In some cases, infection of the whole reproductive system – pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) can occur. In males, Chlamydia may cause urethritis, which can produce a discharge from the penis or pain when urinating. If not treated, it can lead to inflammation near the testes, which can cause considerable pain and may lead to infertility. How is it treated? Fortunately, chlamydia may be easily treated. Taking a single course of antibiotics called azithromycin (“Zithromax”) is the first line treatment. Complicated Chlamydia infections may require longer courses of antibiotics as well, usually doxycycline (“Doryx” or “Doxylin”) for 10-14 days. Partners of people with Chlamydia must be treated, as it is very likely they have the infection also. Note that the tests for chlamydia may only detect 85% of positive cases. Therefore 15% may go undetected. It is important to not have sex whilst taking the tablets and for one week after treatment. If your partner receives treatment for Chlamydia, do not have sex until at least a week after both of you have been treated. Who is at risk? You can’t tell by looking at someone whether they have Chlamydia or not. So, if you’re having sex without a condom, you are taking a risk. You are most at risk if you are aged less than 25, if you have had a recent change of sexual partner and don’t use any barrier contraception, e.g. condoms. Women aged between 15- 19 and men 20-24 have the highest rates of diagnoses. Overall men and women aged between 15-29 account for 82% of diagnoses of whole population. It is important to know that other sexually transmitted infections may also be present. You should have a blood test in 3 months time to detect other sexually transmitted infections. How do you prevent it? Condoms are the best way to protect you both from chlamydia and other STIs. Always use condoms during vaginal and anal sex, and dental dams during oral sex, until you're totally sure that both you and your partner don’t have an STI. Have an STI check up, including chlamydia test, after having sex with a new or casual partner, or immediately if symptoms occur or if a sexual partner has chlamydia or symptoms of chlamydia. Talking about STIs can be difficult, but any person you have sex with has a right to know if you have an STI. Discuss it when you’re feeling relaxed and confident, not just before you have sex. Your partner will appreciate your honesty and that you don’t want to infect him/her. You have the right to know if they’re infected, too.
PRODUCT LIST (Therpapeutic Categories as per WHO Essential Drug List) Brand name Active Ingredient Strength Dosage Form Packaging Anaesthetics General Anaesthetics KETALEM Local Anaesthetics LEMOCAIN Non-opioid Analgesics & NSAIDs KALEMFENAC Antiallergics and Drugs Used in Anaphylaxis LEMEPIN PRODUCT LIST (Therpapeutic Categories as per WHO Essenti
Facelift Post-Operative Instructions • After surgery you will have a turban-like dressing. This is removed the day after surgery. • Your bruising and swelling will peak at 48-72 hours. Keep your head and shoulders elevated at 45° or greater by using two pillows for ten days. You may put a pillow under your knees to ease pressure on your back. You may also use a recliner. Pl