Swine Flu: Protecting Yourself and Your Family
ou most certainly have heard recent news stories about an outbreak of Swine
Flu in Mexico, as well as the diagnosis of a small number of related cases in
the United States, Canada, United Kingdom and Spain. While the news stories
can provide useful information, their sensationalist tone can often frighten the
listener and exacerbate concern. Following is the most recent information
provided by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on
the virus—what you need to know and what you can do to protect yourself.
WHAT IS SWINE FLU?
Swine Influenza (swine flu) is a respiratory
disease of pigs caused by type A influenza
viruses that causes regular outbreaks in
In the past, severe illness (pneumonia and
pigs. People do not normally get swine flu,
respiratory failure) and deaths have been
reported with swine flu infection in people.
Like seasonal flu, swine flu may cause a
spread from person-to-person, but in the
past, this transmission was limited and not
HOW DOES SWINE FLU SPREAD?
KNOW THE WARNING SIGNS
ARE THERE HUMAN INFECTIONS WITH SWINE
FLU IN THE U.S.?
In late March and early April 2009, cases
of human infection with swine influenza A
viruses are spread mainly from person to
Southern California and near San Antonio,
cases of swine flu infection in humans and
something with flu viruses on it and then
cases have been reported internationally
confirmed swine flu infections in the U.S. is
HOW CAN SOMEONE WITH THE FLU INFECT
kept at http://www.cdc.gov/swineflu/. CDC
IS THIS SWINE FLU VIRUS CONTAGIOUS?
be able to pass on the flu to someone else
before you know you are sick, as well as
influenza A (H1N1) virus is contagious and is
at this time, it is not known how easily the
WHAT SHOULD I DO TO KEEP FROM GETTING
WHAT ARE THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF
hands. Get plenty of sleep, be physically
SWINE FLU IN PEOPLE?
active, manage your stress, drink plenty of
fluids, and eat nutritious food. Try not to
similar to the symptoms of regular human
flu and include fever, cough, sore throat,
with the flu virus. Avoid close contact with
body aches, headache, chills and fatigue.
We know that some viruses and bacteria can live 2 hours or longer on surfaces like cafeteria tables,
doorknobs, and desks. Frequent handwashing will help you reduce the chance of getting contamination
from these common surfaces.
ARE THERE MEDICINES TO TREAT SWINE FLU?
WHAT IS THE BEST WAY TO KEEP FROM SPREADING THE VIRUS
Yes. CDC recommends the use of oseltamivir or zanamivir
THROUGH COUGHING OR SNEEZING?
for the treatment and/or prevention of infection with these
If you are sick, limit your contact with other people as much
swine influenza viruses. Antiviral drugs are prescription
as possible. Do not go to work or school if ill. Cover your
medicines (pills, liquid or an inhaler) that fight against the
mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing. It
flu by keeping flu viruses from reproducing in your body. If
may prevent those around you from getting sick. Put your
you get sick, antiviral drugs can make your illness milder
If you do not have a tissue, cover your cough or sneeze with
They may also prevent serious flu complications. For
your hands, and then promptly clean your hands. Do so
treatment, antiviral drugs work best if started soon after
getting sick (within 2 days of symptoms).
WHAT IS THE BEST TECHNIQUE FOR WASHING MY HANDS TO
HOW LONG CAN AN INFECTED PERSON SPREAD SWINE FLU TO
AVOID GETTING THE FLU?
Washing your hands often will help protect you from germs.
People with swine influenza virus infection should be
We recommend that when you wash your hands—with soap
considered potentially contagious as long as they are
and warm water—that you wash for 15 to 20 seconds.
symptomatic and possibly for up to 7 days following illness
When soap and water are not available, alcohol-based
onset. Children, especially younger children, might
disposable hand wipes or gel sanitizers may be used. You
potentially be contagious for longer periods.
can find them in most supermarkets and drugstores. If using
gel, rub your hands until the gel is dry. The gel doesn’t need
WHAT SURFACES ARE MOST LIKELY TO BE SOURCES OF
water to work; the alcohol in it kills the germs on your hands.
Germs can be spread when a person touches something
WHAT SHOULD I DO IF I GET SICK?
that is contaminated with germs and then touches his or
If you live in areas where swine influenza cases have been
her eyes, nose, or mouth. Droplets from a cough or
identified and become ill with influenza-like symptoms,
sneeze of an infected person move through the air. Germs
including fever, body aches, runny nose, sore throat,
can be spread when a person touches respiratory droplets
nausea, or vomiting or diarrhea, you may want to contact
from another person on a surface like a desk and then
their health care provider, particularly if you are worried
touches their own eyes, mouth or nose before washing
about your symptoms. Your health care provider will
determine whether influenza testing or treatment is needed.
HOW LONG CAN VIRUSES LIVE OUTSIDE THE BODY?
If you are sick, you should stay home and avoid contact
We know that some viruses and bacteria can live 2 hours
with other people as much as possible to keep from
or longer on surfaces like cafeteria tables, doorknobs, and
spreading your illness to others.
desks. Frequent handwashing will help you reduce the
chance of getting contamination from these common
HOW SERIOUS IS SWINE FLU INFECTION?
Like seasonal flu, swine flu in humans can vary in severity
from mild to severe. Between 2005 until January 2009, 12
WHAT CAN I DO TO PROTECT MYSELF FROM GETTING SICK?
human cases of swine flu were detected in the U.S. with no
Although there is currently no vaccine, there are everyday
deaths occurring. However, swine flu infection can be
steps you can take that can minimize your risk and
serious. In September 1988, a previously healthy 32-year-
old pregnant woman in Wisconsin was hospitalized for
• Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you
pneumonia after being infected with swine flu and died 8
cough or sneeze. Throw the tissue in the trash after
days later. A swine flu outbreak in Fort Dix, New Jersey
occurred in 1976 that caused more than 200 cases with
• Wash your hands often with soap and water,
serious illness in several people and one death.
especially after you cough or sneeze. Alcohol-based
CAN I GET SWINE INFLUENZA FROM EATING OR PREPARING
• Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth. Germs
No. Swine influenza viruses are not spread by food. You
• Try to avoid close contact with sick people.
cannot get swine influenza from eating pork or pork
• If you get sick with influenza, CDC recommends that
products. Eating properly handled and cooked pork products
you stay home from work or school and limit contact
with others to keep from infecting them.
Mapping the Contours of European Union Health Law and Policy Tamara K. Hervey, University of Nottingham. This paper has been prepared while the author is in receipt of a Research Fellowship from the Leverhulme Trust (ref RF/8//2000/0138), which is gratefully acknowledged. Introduction Diane Blood relies on free movement rights in Community law to seek fertility treatment in Belgium.
Investigation Report No. 2156 Licensee Type of Service Name of Broadcast Date of Broadcast Relevant Code Clauses 1.3(c)(ii) and 5.6 of the Commercial Radio Australia Codes of Practice and Guidelines 2004 Date Finalised Decision No breach of clause 1.3(c)(ii) or 5.6 of the Commercial Radio Australia Codes of Practice and Guidelines 2004. ACMA Investigation Rep